Recession Probability Models

From Advisor Perspectives.

Recession Probability Models – February 2015

February 10, 2015

by Ted Kavadas

of StratX, LLC

There are a variety of economic models that are supposed to predict the probabilities of recession.

While I don’t agree with the methodologies employed or probabilities of impending economic weakness as depicted by the following two models, I think the results of these models should be monitored.

Please note that each of these models is updated regularly, and the results of these – as well as other recession models – can fluctuate significantly.

The first is the “Yield Curve as a Leading Indicator” from the New York Federal Reserve. I wrote a blog post concerning this measure on March 1, 2010, titled “The Yield Curve as a Leading Indicator.”

Currently (last updated February 9, 2015 using data through January) this “Yield Curve” model shows a 4.42% probability of a recession in the United States twelve months ahead. For comparison purposes, it showed a 2.79% probability through December, and a chart going back to 1960 is seen at the “Probability Of U.S. Recession Predicted by Treasury Spread.” (pdf)

The second model is from Marcelle Chauvet and Jeremy Piger. This model is described on the St. Louis Federal Reserve site (FRED) as follows:

Smoothed recession probabilities for the United States are obtained from a dynamic-factor markov-switching model applied to four monthly coincident variables: non-farm payroll employment, the index of industrial production, real personal income excluding transfer payments, and real manufacturing and trade sales. This model was originally developed in Chauvet, M., “An Economic Characterization of Business Cycle Dynamics with Factor Structure and Regime Switching,” International Economic Review, 1998, 39, 969-996. (

Additional details and explanations can be seen on the “U.S. Recession Probabilities” page.

This model, last updated on February 2, 2015, currently shows a .06% probability using data through November.

Here is the FRED chart (last updated February 2, 2015):

RECPROUSM156N 2-2-15

Data Source: Piger, Jeremy Max and Chauvet, Marcelle, Smoothed U.S. Recession Probabilities [RECPROUSM156N], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, accessed February 9, 2015:

The two models featured above can be compared against measures seen in recent blog posts. For instance, as seen in the January 16 post titled “The January 2015 Wall Street Journal Economic Forecast Survey“ economists surveyed averaged a 11.54% probability of a U.S. recession within the next 12 months.


The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 2046.74 as this post is written

(c) StratX, LLC


1 Comment

Filed under Financial

One response to “Recession Probability Models

  1. Informative and something to remember.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s